Know Your Residential Status

How to determine Residential Status in India?

Find out your Residential Status for Income Tax purpose in India.


  • Citizenship of India
  • Person of Indian Origin
  • Did you Travel outside India?
  • Number of days stayed in India


Residential status for a Financial year:

  • Ordinary Resident
  • Resident but not Ordinary Resident i.e RNOR
  • Non-Resident Indian i.e. NRI

Are you a citizen of India?

Did you travel outside India during Financial Year?

Are you a Person of Indian Origin?

Are you in India for a job?

Were you in India for more than 182 days in the Financial Year?

Did you stay in India for more than 60 days last year AND more than 365 days in last 4 years?

Were you resident in India for any 2 out of the last 10 years?

Were you in India for more than 729 days during last 7 years?

Almost there

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You are a Non-Resident Indian (NRI)

You are an Ordinary Indian Resident

You are a Resident but Not Ordinarily Resident (RNOR)

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Why do I have to determine residential status before filing return?

Taxability of income depends on your residential status. For eg. if you are an NRI then only the income earned or accrued in India will be taxable for you (Not the foreign income). Whereas if you are a Resident India then your global income will be taxable in India.

I am an Indian Citizen. Does that make me Resident Indian?

No. You do not become Resident Indian by being an Indian Citizen. You have to fulfill the conditions of stay in India as prescribed by Income Tax Act, to become a resident in India.

How can NRI pay Tax on Income earned in India?

NRIs can pay tax online using the netbanking facility. It is not necessary to pay the tax from assessee’s own bank account. So an NRI can pay tax from a relative or friend’s bank account and then remit them the tax amount.

Do I have to file income tax return if I am an NRI?

If you are an NRI then you have to file Income Tax Return of your total income earned in India exceeds Rs. 2,50,000. If you want to claim TDS refund or wish to carry forward any loss then also you will have to file your IT Return.

Is TDS applicable to NRIs?

Yes. TDS is applicable on payments made to NRIs. Separate rates of TDS are prescribed by Income Tax Act for different types of payments made to NRIs.

Can NRI file Income Tax Return without PAN?

No. PAN is must if you want to file an income tax return. So NRI will have to apply for the PAN first. Once the PAN is obtained then only he will be able to file an income tax return.